REFERENCES AND RECOMMENDED READING
GOLDENROD AND WHITE-BANDED CRAB SPIDERS (Misumena vatia and Misumenoides formosipes)
"Common Spiders of New York." New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Web. September 2, 2017.<>
"Crab Spiders and Running Crab Spiders," Kentucky Spiders. University of Kentucky Department of Entomology. Web. September 2, 2017. <>
"Family Thomisidae - Crab Spiders." Bugguide.net. Web. September 2, 2017. <>
Foelix, Rainer, Biology of Spiders (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford (1990). Print.
Foliage Flower Spiders (Mecaphesa spp. and Misumessus spp.). Web. September 2, 2017. <>
"Genus Misumena: Flower Crab Spiders." Bugguide.net. Web. September 2, 2017. <> [This Bug Guide page offers an indispensable visual key and explanation of differences among various species of American crab spiders.]
Harris, Tom, “How Spiders Work.” How Stuff Works. Web. August. 31, 2017. <http://animals.howstuffworks.com/arachnids/spider7.htm>
Levi, Herbert W. , Lorna R. Levi and Herbert Spencer Zim, Spiders and Their Kin. New York: Macmillan (2001). Print.
“Misumena vatia.” Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. Web. August. 31, 2017. < http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Misumena_vatia/>
"Misumena vatia (Goldenrod Crab Spider)". Discover Life. Web. September 2, 2017. <>
"Misumena vatia (Goldenrod Crab Spider)". Spiders.us. Web. Sept. 1, 2017. >
"Misumenoides formosipes (Whitebanded Crab Spider)." Discover Life. Web. September 2, 2017. <>
"Misumenoides formosipes (Whitebanded Crab Spider)." Spiders.us. Web. Sept. 1, 2017. <>
Moody, Marjorie, "Misumenoides formosipes (Whitebanded Crab Spider)." Spiders of Kaweah River Delta Region. Web. September 2, 2017. <> [Source of theory that this spider's hatchlings will emerge the color of the flowers on which their eggs were deposited.]
Morse, Douglass H. and Robert S. Fritz, “Milkweed Pollinia and Predation Risk to Flower-visiting Insects by the Crab Spider Misumena vatia,“ The American Midland Naturalist, Vol. 121, No. 1 (January 1989), pp. 188-193. Print.
Nieuwenhuys, Ed, "Crab Spiders: Family Thomisidae." The Find-a-Spider Guide for Spiders of Southern Queensland. Web. January 27, 2017. Acessed September 2, 2017. <> [Excellent general information on crab spiders.]
"New York Spiders." Spiders.us. July 6, 2017. Web. Accessed September 2, 2017. <>
Packard, Alpheus S., "Change of Color and Protective Coloration in a Flower-Spider (Misumena vatia Thorell) ," Journal of the New York Entomological Society, Vol. 13, No. 2 (June 1905), pp. 85-96. Print.
Ridge-faced Flower Spider (Misumenoides formosipes). Missouri Dept. of Conservation. Web. September 2, 2017. <>
Schmalhofer, Victoria R., “Diet-Induced and Morphological Color Changes in Juvenile Crab Spiders (Araneae, Thomisidae), The Journal of Arachnology. Vol. 28, No. 1 (2000), pp. 56-60. Print.
Stockton, Nick, "The Secret History of Spider Venom's Power," Science. June 11, 2015. Web. Accessed Aug. 31, 2017. < >
“Summary for Misumena vatia (Araneae).” National recording schemes for spiders and harvestmen in Britain (British Arachnological Society). < >
"Whitebanded Crab Spider (Misumenoides formosipes).” Nature in the Ozarks. Sept. 1, 2009. Web. Accessed Sept. 1 2017. <>
McLeod, Rory, “A Goldenrod Crab Spider Catches Hoverfly Ischiodon sp.”. You Tube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09S-QHaXcc8
Solfors, Stefan, “The Goldenrod Crab Spider.” You Tube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3NfAWMFpcaI