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GOLDENROD AND WHITE-BANDED CRAB SPIDERS (Misumena vatia and Misumenoides formosipes)

White-banded Crab Spider - (c) Copyright 2017 Paula Sharp

"Common Spiders of New York." New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.  Web.  September 2, 2017.<>

"Crab  Spiders and Running Crab Spiders," Kentucky Spiders.  University of Kentucky Department of Entomology.  Web. September 2, 2017. <>


"Family Thomisidae - Crab Spiders."  Web. September 2, 2017. <>

​Foelix, Rainer, Biology of Spiders (2nd ed.).  New York:  Oxford (1990).  Print.

Foliage Flower Spiders (Mecaphesa spp. and Misumessus spp.).  Web.  September 2, 2017.  <>

"Genus Misumena:  Flower Crab Spiders."  Web. September 2, 2017.  <>   [This Bug Guide page offers an indispensable visual key and explanation of differences among various species of American crab spiders.]

Harris, Tom, “How Spiders Work.”  How Stuff Works.  Web. August. 31, 2017. <>

Levi, Herbert W. , Lorna R. Levi and Herbert Spencer Zim, Spiders and Their Kin.  New York:  Macmillan (2001).  Print.

Misumena vatia.” Animal Diversity Web.  University of Michigan. Web.  August. 31, 2017. <>

"Misumena vatia (Goldenrod Crab Spider)". Discover Life. Web.  September 2, 2017. <>

"Misumena vatia (Goldenrod Crab Spider)".  Web.  Sept. 1, 2017.>

"Misumenoides formosipes (Whitebanded Crab Spider)."  Discover Life. Web.  September 2, 2017. <>

"Misumenoides formosipes (Whitebanded Crab Spider)."  Web.  Sept. 1, 2017.  <>

Moody, Marjorie, "Misumenoides formosipes (Whitebanded Crab Spider)."  Spiders of Kaweah River Delta Region.  Web. September 2, 2017.  <>  [Source of theory that this spider's hatchlings will emerge the color of the flowers on which their eggs were deposited.]

Morse, Douglass H. and Robert S. Fritz, “Milkweed Pollinia and Predation Risk to Flower-visiting Insects by the Crab Spider Misumena vatia,“ The American Midland Naturalist, Vol. 121, No. 1 (January 1989), pp. 188-193. Print.

Nieuwenhuys, Ed, "Crab Spiders:  Family Thomisidae."   The Find-a-Spider Guide for Spiders of Southern Queensland.  Web.  January 27, 2017.  Acessed September 2, 2017.  <> [Excellent general information on crab spiders.]

"New York Spiders."  July 6, 2017.  Web. Accessed September 2, 2017.  <>

Packard, Alpheus S., "Change of Color and Protective Coloration in a Flower-Spider (Misumena vatia Thorell) ,"  Journal of the New York Entomological Society, Vol. 13, No. 2 (June 1905), pp. 85-96. Print.

Ridge-faced Flower Spider (Misumenoides formosipes). Missouri Dept. of Conservation.  Web.  September 2, 2017.  <>


Schmalhofer, Victoria R., “Diet-Induced and Morphological Color Changes in Juvenile Crab Spiders (Araneae, Thomisidae), The Journal of Arachnology.   Vol. 28, No. 1 (2000), pp. 56-60. Print.


Stockton, Nick, "The Secret History of Spider Venom's Power," Science.  June 11, 2015.  Web. Accessed Aug. 31, 2017.  <>

“Summary for Misumena vatia (Araneae).” National recording schemes for spiders and harvestmen in Britain (British Arachnological Society). <>

"Whitebanded Crab Spider (Misumenoides formosipes).” Nature in the Ozarks.  Sept. 1, 2009. Web. Accessed Sept. 1 2017. <>


McLeod, Rory, “A Goldenrod Crab Spider Catches Hoverfly Ischiodon sp.”. You Tube.

Solfors, Stefan, “The Goldenrod Crab Spider.”  You Tube.

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