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White-banded Crab Spider - (c) Copyright 2017 Paula Sharp

Caduto, Michael, "Skunk Cabbage:  Blooming Heat."  Northern Woodlands Magazine.  Web.  June 6, 2015.  <>


Holdrege, Craig, “Skunk Cabbage.”  The Nature Institute,  April 15, 2015.  <>


Kevan, P.C., "How honey bees forage for pollen at skunk cabbage, Symplocarpus foetidus (Araceae)". Apidologie, Springer Verlag (Germany), 1989, 20 (6), pp.485-490. <>


Paulson, Dennis, Dragonflies and Damselflies of the East.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press, 2009, pp. 317,320.  Print


Shih, Richard and Michael Balick, Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants, 2nd ed.  (Bronx, New York Botanical Garden, 2007). pp. 287-288.  Print.


"Skunk Cabbage."  Web.  June 8, 2015.  <>


"Skunk cabbage is a wetland wildflower known for its putrid smell."  The Nature Conservancy.  Web.  June 8, 2015. <>


"Symplocarpus foetidus."  Flora of North America.  Web.  June 8, 2015.  <>


"Symplocarpus foetidus." Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Database.  Web. June 8, 2015.  <>


 "Symplocarpus foetidus," The New York Times.  March 25, 1990.  Web. April 15, 2015.  <>


"Symplocarpus foetidus."  USDA Database.  Web. June 8, 2014.    <>

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